The Raspberry Pi is a single-board computer developed in the UK by the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Foundation’s goal is to offer two versions, priced at US$25 and $35 (plus local taxes). The Foundation started accepting orders for the higher priced model on 29 February 2012. The Raspberry Pi is intended to stimulate the teaching of basic computer science in schools.
The design is based on a Broadcom BCM2835 system on a chip (SoC),which includes an ARM1176JZF-S 700 MHz processor, VideoCore IV GPU, and 256 Megabytes of RAM. The design does not include a built-in hard disk or solid-state drive, instead relying on an SD card for booting and long-term storage.
The Raspberry Pi Foundation plans to support Fedora Linux as the initial system software package/distribution, with support for Debian and Arch Linux as well. Also planned are tools for supporting Python as the main programming language, with support for BBC BASIC,[(As “Brandy Basic”, the BBC BASIC clone) C and Perl.